Physical examination and patient history.
Neurological examinations to see check the
mental status(asking general questions to asses the status)
coordination of the movements: your neurologist may ask you to walk in a straight line or closing your eyes and touching your nose with the index finger.
Reflexes: reflexes are tested by tapping your body in a certain way with the soft hammer to rule out the muscle tone.if relexes are normal the mucle movements will be normal on tapping with the hammer.
Sensation: Neurologists touch the legs, arms, and other areas with the instruments such as tunning folk or dull needle and ask you to feel the sensations such as heat, cold, pain.
Autonomic nervous system: this is the system which monitors our visceral organs.neurologists look for pupils in rresponse to the light,blood pressure,pulse rate and heart rate.
An MRI of the spinal cord and Brain: suggestive of lesions in the gray matter.
Testing with cerebrospinal fluid(CSF): used to analyse cell count and glucose level, protein, antibody produced, viral structures.it shows pleocytosis(increase in white blood cells)
Electromyelograph: measures the electrical activity of muscles and nervesLumbar puncture (CSF): Guillain Barre syndrome, suspicion of viral myelitis
Biochemistry: Creatine Kinase, Potassium, Magnesium, Phosphate
Urine for porpho-bilinogens, toxins: arsenic, lead etc.,