It is the removal of a small amount of tissue for examination under the microscope. A biopsy is the confirmatory test for cirrhosis of liver.
Fine needle aspiration:
In this type of biopsy the physician moves the fine needle through the abdomen and take the tissue needed for the diagnosis.
In this type of biopsy, the physician uses an endoscope an hollow tube . light emitting structure to down the liver and tissues are obtained.
Patient with the cirrhosis of liver tends to show low levels of platelets, red blood cells. This results in the aneamia in patients.
Leucopenia and thrombocytopenia(decrease in platelet count) might occur.
Mallory’s bodies formation is the salient featutre of alcohol liver cirrhosis.
A CT scan takes three dimensional pictures of the abnormal tissues from different angles.
Magnetic Resonance Imaging:
A MRI scan uses the combination of the magnetic and radiowave frequency to view the abnormal tissues.
An dye is injected in the vein or the patient is asked to swallow the dye and the results are observed.
Abdominal ultrasound: ultrasound uses sound waves to detect the abnormality in the liver. Doppler ultrasound might be used to detect the blood flow to the liver.
Endoscopic ultrasound: in this method the doctor uses an ultrasound probe, and with the guidance of endoscope it is passed in to the liver to view the structures.
Magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography: The physician uses the endoscope which is the thin, flexible tube with a tiny camera is placed down the small intestine , liver and through the pancreas. This is mainly used when the doctor wants to view the ampulla of vater where the common bile ducts empties in to the small intestine. The liver and biliary system both can be viewed using this image.
Magnetic resonance elstography: this test reveals the elasticity of the liver.
Liver function test:
The bilirubin levels and the level of other digestive enzymes and liver enzymes such as Alanine transaminase, Aspartate transaminase and Alkaline phosphatase should be checked.