The physician might ask for a description of the constipation including duration of the symptoms, frequency of bowel movements and other information to help determine the causes of constipation.
This might include a digital rectal examination(DRE) in which the physician might inserts a lubricated finger into the rectum to evaluate the tone of the muscles that closes off the anus. This examination alos helps to detect the tenderness, obstruction, blood , amount and caliber of stool and if any enlargement of the rectum is present.
The blood test might reveal certain conditions such as Hypothyroidism.
Abdominal X ray:
The x ray might scans any abnormalities in the colon.
Lower GI (gastrointestinal ) series also called as Barium Enema:
A lower GI series is a procedure that examines the rectum, the large intestine, and the lower part of the small intestine. A fluid called Barium( a metallic chemical, chalky ,liquid used to coat the inside of organs so that they will show up on the x ray) is given into the rectum as an enema. An x ray of the abdomen shows strictures (narrowed areas), obstruction (blockages) and other problems.
It is a procedure that allows the physician to view the entire length of the large intestine and can often help to identify the abnormal growths, inflamed tissues, ulcers and bleeding. It involves inserting a colonoscope a long flexible,lighted tube, in through the rectum up into the colon.
It is a diagnostic procedure that allows the doctor to examine the inside of a portion of the large intestine and also it aids in identifying the causes of diarrhoea, abdominal pain, constipation, abnormal growths and bleeding. A short flexible,lighted tube called sigmoidoscope is inserted into the rectum and it reaches the intestine .
Colorectal transit study:
This test shows how well the food moves through the colon. Markers are ingested which are visible on x ray. The patient follows a high fiber diet during the course of the test and the movemet of the markers through the colon is monitores with abdominal x rays taken several times three to seven days after the capsule is swallowed.
Anorectal function test:
This test diagnose the constipation caused by an abnormal functioning o the anus or rectum.
A narrow, flexible tube into your anus and rectum and then inflates a small balloon at the tip of the tube. The device is then pulled back through the sphincter muscle. This procedure allows your doctor to measure the coordination of the muscles you use to move your bowels.