TREATMENT AND PROGNOSIS :
Warming of the Affected Areas:
Peripheral cyanosis is brought by the Raynaud’s phenomenon and acrocyanosis may be treated symptomatically using gentle warming of fingers and toes.
Surgery as a treatment for Cyanosis:
Treatment of central cyanosis is due to congenital heart defects may often involve surgery.
The therapy of Tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) needs surgery soon after birth. If the symptoms as less severe surgery may be performed at the age of three to six months.
Open heart surgery is usually used to treat TOF. The defects of the heart valves are corrected during the surgery.
Oxygenation as a treatment for Cyanosis:
Initial stabilization requires oxygenation. Sometimes ventilator or breathing machine can be used.
If any obstruction is detected an endotracheal tube is inserted and oxygen is administered through it.
Children who has difficulty in feeding due to cyanosis and heart failure due to an underlying cyanotic heart disease need to be administered intravenous fluid.
Drug as a treatment for Cyanosis:
In patients with cardiac failure diuretics are preferred to reduce the excess accumulation of fluids which are termed as Diretics.
Cardiac Failure Patients:
Heart failure patients and those with cyanotic heart disease need drugs that help the heart pump harder. Antibiotics are prescribed to prevent from infections and also to treat Pneumonia.
Some patients might require pacemaker for the heart for prolonged period of time.
Injections for babies with cyanosis:
If the baby is born with the Transposition of the Great Arteries(TAG) as a cause of cyanosis at birth an injection of mediaction called prostaglandin is given shortly after the birth.
The right side of the heart contains deoxygenated blood and left side of the heart contains the oxygenated blood supply. When this TGA crisis occurs it might result in the intermixing of the blood leading to the improper supply of the blood to the heart and result in cyanosis .
This prevents the closure of ductus arteriosus which prevents the blood passing from aortic and pulmonary valve.
Some prostaglandin might work in these patients.
Some needs open heart surgery to close the valve.
Cyanosis due to other causes like low blood suger level can be manged by glucose infusions and glucose administrations.
There are certain medications which relaxes the blood vessels:
- antihypertensive drugs
- erectile dysfunction drugs