COMMON CLINICAL SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS :
The symptoms can appears after the cyst start dying. If the cyst are viable then they might mask the disease and symptoms by deteriorating the immune system of the host.
a general feeling of ill health (malaise),
and loss of appetite.
include joint pain (arthralgia),
muscle pain (myalgia),
The most common neuronal symptoms include seizures , head ache,mental confusions, nausea and vomiting, fever.
Extaparenchymal neurocysticercosis is more common in adults than I children and carries a high risk of complications.
Other symptoms might include altered metal status, high excessive fluid such as cerebrospinal fluid in the skull which is known as hydrocephalus which might result in the headache, nausea and vomiting. The patient who might develop hydrocephalus often in turn develop swelling of the optic disc called papilledema. Papilloedema might result in blurred vision or double vision.
The subarachnoid cysticercosis and intraventricular cysticercosis include headache, nausea and vomiting, dizziness, altered mental status, altered vision and constellation of involvement of the eyes mainly the ability to move the eyes upwards and downwards called as Parinaud syndrome.
Subarachnoid cysticercosis can cause swelling of a tissue that surrounds the brain such as arachnoiditis which might lead to the neck stiffness intolerance to bright light and headache , stroke and hydrocephalus. In a rare form of subarachnoid cysticercosis called racemose cysticercosis, there is an accumulation of cysts at the base of the brain, which could result in mental deterioration, coma, and life-threatening complications.
Spinal cysticercosis result in shooting, burning,numbness or sense of weakness in the particular area of the body or an abnormal sensation tingling or prickling termed as pins and needles which is called as paresthesia.
Ophthalmic cysticercosis occurs in the eyes. Symptoms might include visual disturbance, vision loss, inflammation of the eye(uvitis), ), inflammation of the retina (retinitis), limited eye movement, protrusion of the eyeball (proptosis), recurrent eye pain, double vision (diplopia), and symptoms related to the nerve that transmits visual information from the eyes to the brain (optic nerve), such as vision loss in one eye, and/or flashing lights
If the cyst occurs outside the nervous system, such as subcutaneous tissue, muscle tissue or heart tissue then it is called as extraneural cysticercosis. individuals with subcutaneous cysticercosis may have small hard lumps (nodules) that are painless in the arms and chest. These nodules will become swollen and painful right before they begin to disappear. In rare cases, a very large number of cysts can cause enlarged limbs.