TREATMENT AND PROGNOSIS :
The main aim is to restore or maintain the normal amount of tears in the eye to minimize dryness and related discomfort and to maintain eye health.
This treatment can be used as often as needed to supplemental natural tear production. There are counter artificial tear solutions which can be used in xerophthalmia.
Keeping the natural tears in the eyes longer can reduce the symptoms of the dry eyes. This can be done by blocking the tear ducts through which the tears normally drain. The tear ducts can be blocked with tiny silicone or gel like plugs that can be removed if needed. A surgical procedure can permanently close the tear ducts. In either case, the main aim is to achieve available tears in the eye longer to reduce problems related to dry eyes.
Increasing tear production:
The physician might prescribe eye drops that increases tear production. Taking an omega 3 fatty acid nutritional supplement.
Treating the contribution eyelid or ocular surface inflammation:
Warm compresses and lid massage or eyelid cleaners to aids decrease inflammation around the surface of the eyes.
This treatment can be resolve on its own and it does not require any specific treatment.
Antihistamines such as diphenhydramine or Mast cell stabilizer such as Cromolyn sodium might provide effective results against conjunctivitis.
Cool water can be poured over the face with face inclined downwards which might result in constriction of capillaries, and artificial tears which might sometimes relieve discomfort in mild cases. In more severe cases nonsteroidal anti inflammatory and antihistamines can be prescribed.
It usually resolves without the treatment. Topical antibiotics can be given if medications does not provide any improvement after 3 days. Contact lenses might also causes relief of symptoms. Gonorrhoel or chlamydial infections might require both oral and topical antibiotics.
Fluroquinolones, sodium sulfacetamide or trimethoprim/polymyxin may be used typically 7-10 days.
Conjunctivitis due to chemical reactions can be treated via irrigation with the Ringer’s lactate or saline solution. Chemical injuries particularly alkali burns are medical emergencies as they can lead to severe scarring and intraocualr damage.