It spreads from human to human to contact. It includes spread from coughing, droplets, saliva, mucus from the nose or lungs, coughing, sneezing. Closed contact with the poop.
The disease caused by the virus:
More than 90% of the infections which are caused by the nonpolio enterovirus are asymptomatic or it might leads to undifferentiated febrile illness.
Group B coxsackie virus maily the B3 and B5 are the vital causes of the epidemic pleurodynia. It is characterized by the sudden onset of fever accompanied by the muscular pain in the chest and abdomen. The pain results in spasm which last for 15-30 minutes and it gets worsen by wheezing and coughing. Headache , nausea, vomiting and fever might accompany.
Neonatal infections occur develop within the first week and the involvement is mainy pericardial. The typical signs and symptoms includes the shortness of breathe, chest apin and fever which lasts for 1-2 weeks following the upper respiratory tract infections. Chest pain may be dull or sharp and the pain is worsened by the inspiration and might improve with sitting and learning and leaning forward. The symptoms can be differentiated from angina by lack of response to nitroglycerin.
Enteroviral myocarditis can present as acute myocardial infarction associated with arrhythmias and heart failure. Some patients with myocardial infarction who have normal findings on coronary angiographic studies have been shown to have myocarditis by radiolabeled antimyosin antibody cardiac scanning.
The clinical symptoms include fever, chills, headache, photophobia, and nuchal rigidity. Rash and upper respiratory tract symptoms may also occur. In infants, fever and irritability are the most common symptoms.
Vesicular enanthem of the tonsillar fauces and soft palate appears. Vesicular eruptions which are painful is seen on the hard palate. The posterior pharynx and tonsils may also be involved. Most symptoms occurs in summer and symptoms might resolve within 3-4 days.
It is inflammatory reaction that is taking place in the brain. Clinical symptoms might include seizure, coma , lethargy, drowsiness.
Nonpoliovirus paralytic disease:
It can cause brainstem encephalitis, non cardiogenic pulmonary edema and unilateral oculomotor nerve palsy.
Hand foot and mouth disease:
Hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD) is a highly contagious infection. It’s caused by viruses from the Enterovirus genus, most commonly the coxsackievirus. The symptoms might include Abdominal pain and swelling , Diarrhoea , Loss of appetite , Nausea and vomiting , Sore throat with difficulty in swallowing, Swelling of the neck and neck glands.