COMMON CLINICAL SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS :
Streptococcal throat infection:
Sore throat that can start very quickly
Pain when swallowing
Red and swollen tonsils sometimes white patches or streak of pus may appear
Tiny red spots which are termed as petechiae on the roof of the mouth is seen
Swollen lymph nodes in front of the neck region
Hoarseness of voice
It takes atleast 5 days for the person to get ill when he is exposed to the infection.
Routes of transmission:
Streptococcal: Close contact with another person with strep throat is the most common risk factor for illness. Streptococcal infection is more among the school going students.
It is the mild infection and it usually takes two to five days for the person to get the disease when exposed to group A strep to become sick. Illness usually begins with a fever and sore throat. There may be clinical presentation such as chills, vomiting or abdominal pain. The tongue may have a whitish coating and appear swollen and hence it is called as strawberry like tongue appearance. The throat and tonsils may be very red and sore and swallowing may be painful.
One or two days after the illness begins, a red rash usually appears. However, the rash can appear before illness or up to 7 days later. The rash may first appear on the neck, underarm, and groin (the area where your stomach meets your thighs). Over time, the rash spreads over the body. The rash usually begins as small, flat blotches that slowly become fine bumps that feel like sandpaper.
The bacteria that can cause Impetigo are group A streptococcus and staphylococcus aureus. When group A str[ infects the skin it causes sores. The bacteris is contagious when anyone touches the sore of the patient.
Signs and symptoms:
It starts as a red itchy sore. As it heals a crusty yellow os honey coloured scab forms over the sore. The impetigo can occur anywhere in the body. It most often affects exposed skin such as around the nose and mouth or on the arms and legs. Symptoms include red, itchy sores that break open and leak a clear fluid or pus for a few days. Next, a crusty yellow or “honey-colored” scab forms over the sore, which then heals without leaving a scar.
It usually takes 10 days for sores to appear after someone is exposed to group A strep.
Rubbing the antibiotics cream on the skin or taking the antibiotics orally can relieve the symptoms.
It is the bacterial infection that is present beneath the skin surface. Staphylococcus and Streptococcus are the two types of bacteria that takes part in the cellulitis. Sometimes the cellulitis develops in the area that has open wounds or at ulceration site.
Cellulitis symptoms include:
- pain and tenderness in the affected area
- redness or inflammation of your skin
- a skin sore or rash that grows quickly
- tight, glossy, swollen skin
- a feeling of warmth in the affected area
- an abscess with pus
More serious cellulitis symptoms include:
- feeling ill
- warm skin
- muscle aches
Symptoms like these could mean that cellulitis is spreading:
It is infection that results in pain in joints, also affects the brain and heart, skin. It develops when the scarlet fever or strep throat is not treated properly.
Toxic shock syndrome:
It is a serious bacterial infection. It can develop very quickly in low blood pressure , multiple organ failure patients and it is a fatal condition.