Structure of Head ache
Types of Head Ache:
They are the most common form of headache among the adults and teens. They cause mild to moderate pain and relieves by itself. They do not show much symptoms.
Migraine headaches are often termed as throbbing pain. They can last from 4 hours to 3 days and happen one to four times a month. In addition to the pain the people also tends to suffer from sensitivity to light, noise, smell , nausea and vomiting. Loss of appetite, upset stomach and belly pain can also occur.
These headaches are the most severe form of the headache. The person might experience burning or piercing type of pain in the back or around the eyes. The patient might feel so much discomfort. On the side of the pain the eyelid droops, pupil becomes smaller, eyes becomes red and the eyes makes the tears. The nostrils on that side shows stuffs up. These types of headaches occur many time a day and hence it is termed as cluster headache. The person might feel the headache one to three times per day which might last 2 weeks to 3 months. The duration of each headache is 15 minutes to 3 hours. The person cannot sleep nicely.
The hormonal changes during pregnancy, periods and menopause can causes headaches. The hormonal alterations due to birth control pills and hormonal replacement therapies can also cause headaches. When the headache takes before 2 days or the starting of the first 3 days of the period it is called as menstrual period.
New daily persistent headache( NDPH):
The headache can go on for atleast 3 months or longer. It is of unknown cause but it might be due to infections, flu like illness, surgery or stressful event.
It takes place one to three times a day or more than 10 times a week. It often gets worsen in the morning.
There are two types of headache that is chronic head ache and remitting head ache. The duration of the remitting headache is 6 months.
Chronic head ache:
It happens 15 days or more in a month for greater than 3 months. The maximum duration of the pain is 4 hours. It is usually one of the four types of the primary headaches.
- Chronic migraine
- Hemicrania continua
- Chronic tension headache
- New daily persistent headache
Types of headache:
The site of the sinus headache includes cheekbone, bridge of the nose and forehead. The sinus are the cavities that are found in the facial regions. The inflammation of those structures result in sinus headache.
Post traumatic headache:
It usually starts after the 2-3 days after the head injury. The person might feel vertigo, a dul; ache that gets worsen over time, lightheadedness, memory problems, fatigue and irritability.
When the person is over active then the muscles in the head, neck and scalp need more amount of blood for the supply. This might result in pulsating pain on both sides of the head that lasts for 5 minutes to 48 hours.
It is the chronic headache that occurs in the same side of the head and neck. The person might feel red eyes, running nose, droopy eyelid, contracted iris.
Ice Pick headaches:
It lasts for only few seconds.
The type of headache is common after the lumbar puncture or epidural or spinal injections. These procedure involves the puncturing of spinal cord. Hence the fluid leakage from the spinal cord might result in pain.
It comes out suddenly and causes severe pain. The causes might include:
- Blood vessel tear, rupture, or blockage
- Head injury
- Hemorrhagic stroke from a ruptured blood vessel in your brain
- Ischemic stroke from a blocked blood vessel in your brain
- Narrowed blood vessels surrounding the brain
- Inflamed blood vessels
- Blood pressure changes in late pregnancy