Urinanalysis: The urine analysis includes the red blood cell count,white blood cell count.T
Ultrasound: The ultrasound which reveals the inflammation the ureter,renal,urethra. And provides the information about the renal calculi,hydronephrosis and obstruction.
Temperature: an increase in temperature increase greater than 38 degree indicates the infection
Leukocyte esterase and nitrites if tends to be positive then go for the urinary culture.
During cystography, contrast dye is injected into the bladder. Contrat dyes are placed in the body that causes the particular organ or tissue under study to be seen more clearly. X-rays are taken of the bladder, and fluoroscopy may be used to study the bladder emptying while a person urinates (voiding cystography). Cystography may indicate how well the bladder emties the urine and whether any urine backs correctly (vesicoureteral reflux).
DMSA scintigraphy(dimercaptosuccinic acid):
It is a radionucleoside scanning that reveals the morphology of renal morphology,structure and function.
Radioactive technetium-99m is combined with DMSA and injected into a patient, followed by imaging with a gamma camera after 2-3 hours.
The CT scan involves the slicing of the kidney and detecting the abnormalities.
Magnetic Resonance Imaging:
A MRI scan uses the combination of the magnetic and radiowave frequency to view the abnormal tissues.
An dye is injected in the vein or the patient is asked to swallow the dye and the results are observed.
A sound waves to create the picture of the internal organs to find out if the cancer is spread or not.
Abdominal ultrasound: with the patient symptoms it can be used to view the pancreas. But it cannot reveal the spread of pancreas.
Endoscopic ultrasound: in this method the doctor uses an ultrasound probe, and with the guidance of endoscope it is passed in to the small intestine and then into the pancreas to view the structures.