The physician might look for your history to come into the conclusions. It might includes the type of cancer suspected, signs and symptom of the individual, age and general health of the individual, results of previous medical tests.
The physician palpate the uterus, vagina, ovaries and rectum to check for any possible findings.
A PAP test is done to check for endometrial cancer in which the cells are removed from the cancer site and it is stained.
A biopsy is the removal of a small amount of tissue for examination under the microscope. Other test can suggest the cancer is present or not but only the biopsy makes the greater difference between them. The pathologist inserts the tube into the uterus through the cervix and the tissue is removed from the endometrium. After the women might have uterine bleeding and vaginal cramps. It is very accurate measurement for diagnosis for cancer.
Dilatation and curettage(D&C):
- It is the procedure used to remove the sample from uterus. This procedure is done under aneasthesia. This D&C procedure is done after the hysteroscopy so that the doctor can clearly view the lining of the uterus. During a hysteroscopy, the doctor inserts a thin, flexible tube with a light on it through the cervix into the vagina and uterus. After endometrial tissue has been removed, during a biopsy or D&C, the sample is checked by a pathologist for cancer cells, endometrial hyperplasia, and other conditions.
- Sound waves are used to create the pictures of internal organs.in an transvaginal ultrasound an ultrasound wand is inserted into the vagina.
Computed tomography (CT or CAT) scan:
- A CT scan takes pictures of the inside of the body using x-rays taken from different angles. A computer combines these pictures into a detailed, 3-dimensional image that shows any abnormalities or tumors. A CT scan can be used to measure the tumor’s size. Sometimes, a special dye called a contrast medium is given before the scan to provide better detail on the image. This dye can be injected into a patient’s vein or given as a pill or liquid to swallow.
Magnetic resonance imaging:
- It uses a specific xray to see the uterus images. It is mainly used to treat the early stages of cancer.
Molecular testing of the tumor:
Your doctor may recommend running laboratory tests on a tumor sample to identify specific genes, proteins, and other factors unique to the tumor.
The following is the stage of the endometrial cancer:
- Stage 1: The cancer is only present in the uterus.
- Stage 2: The cancer is present in the uterus and cervix.
- Stage 3: The cancer has spread outside the uterus, but not as far as the rectum or bladder. It might be present in fallopian tube, vagina, ovaries and lymph node.
- Stage 4: The cancer has spread beyond the pelvic area. It might be present in the bladder, rectum, and/or distant tissues or organs.