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TURMERIC


WHAT IS TURMERIC :

 Turmeric, a plant in the ginger family, is native to Southeast Asia and is grown commercially in that region, primarily in India. Its rhizome (underground stem) is used as a culinary spice and traditional medicine.

 


What are the other names of TURMERIC in various languages?:

English :Turmeric

Tamil:   Manjal

Hindi : Haldi

Sanskrit :  Hardira


ORIGIN AND SOURCE OF TURMERIC :

BINOMIAL NAME:Curcumin longa

Part used: Rhizome

Taste : Pungent,Bitter

Potency:Hot

Action:

  1. Carminative
  2. Stimulant
  3. Hepatic Tonic
  4. Anti-Inflammatory
  5. Anti-Tumour
  6. Anti-Viral

 


COMPOSITION OF TURMERIC :

  1. Turmeric powder is about 60–70% carbohydrates,
  2.  6–13% water,
  3.  6–8% protein,
  4.  5–10% fat, 
  5.  3–7% dietary minerals,
  6.  3–7% essential oils,
  7.  2–7% dietary fiber,
  8.  and 1–6% curcuminoids. . Some 34 essential oils are present in turmeric, among which turmerone, germacrone, atlantone, and zingiberene are major constituents.


TYPES OF TURMERIC :

30 varieties are found Worldwide.

There are approximately 30 varieties have been recognized in the type of Curcuma in which turmeric belongs. Amalapuram, Armour, Dindigam, Erode, Krishna, Kodur, Vontimitra, P317, GL Purm I and II, RH2 and RH10 are some popular Indian varieties among them.

Medicinal Uses of Turmeric:

From many years awareness of turmeric and its use as medicine is continuouslyTurmeric Medicinal Use increasing. A flowering plant, Turmeric, in the ginger family, is commonly used as a food coloring and is one of the basic ingredients in curry powder. To heal many health disorders like liver problems, digestive disorders, treatment for skin diseases and wound healing turmeric has long been used in Medicinal as an anti-inflammatory. 

 

Curcumin is the active ingredient in turmeric which has been shown to have a wide range of therapeutic effects.


SIGNIFICANCE OF TURMERIC :

Historically, turmeric was used in Ayurveda and other traditional Indian medical systems, as well as Eastern Asian medical systems such as traditional Chinese medicine. In India, it was traditionally used for disorders of the skin, upper respiratory tract, joints, and digestive system.

Turmeric is a common spice and a major ingredient in curry powder. Curcumin is a major component of turmeric, and the activities of turmeric are commonly attributed to curcuminoids (curcumin and closely related substances). Curcumin gives turmeric its yellow color


HOW CAN YOU ADD TURMERIC IN YOUR DAILY LIFE? :

Most turmeric is used in the dried powder form to impart a golden yellow color. It is the main ingredient in Madras style yellow curry powder, which was invented by the British in the 19th century. Turmeric is used in a hot drink called "turmeric latte" or "golden milk" that is made with coconut milk.


SIDE EFFECTS OF TURMERIC :

The most common side effects observed in clinical studies are

  1. gastrointestinal and include constipation,
  2. dyspepsia,
  3.  diarrhoea,
  4. distension,
  5.  gastroesophageal reflux,
  6.  nausea, vomiting,
  7. yellow stool and stomach ache.

 


FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS ON TURMERIC :

  1.  What type of weather suitable for turmeric crop?

Turmeric needs hot and humid climate to prosper and it generally grows on light black or red soils that are clayey in nature. The rootstalk is sown in around the spring season. The harvesting of this plant is done when the leaves of this plant start turning yellowish after 7 to 10 months of plantation.