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GILOY


WHAT IS GILOY

It is an important Ayurvedic plant that is used in the treatment of various ailments. The botanical name for giloy is Tinospora cordifolia which belongs to the Menispermaceae family. It is considered an immune-modulator herb.


What are the other names of GILOY in various languages

English - Indian Tinospora

Hindi - Giloy, Gurach

Kannada - Agnivalli, Amrutaballi

Malayalam - Amritavalli, Chitamrith

Telugu - Dussiramu

Marathi - Ambarvel, Amrita

Bengali - Gilloy, Gulancha

Oriya - Gulochi

Gujarati - Gulo, Gado

Tamil - Amrida Valli

Sikkim - Gurjo

Punjabi - Batindu

Assamese - Hoguni-lot

Konkani - Amritvel

Urdu - Guluncha

Nepalese - Gurjo


ORIGIN AND SOURCE OF GILOY

Giloy is widely distributed in tropical regions of India. It is located in Kumaon to Assam 1200meters above sea level. The origin of Giloy is India, Myanmar, and Sri Lanka. It is usually found in dry forests. In India, it is commonly available in Bihar, West Bengal, Kerala, and Karnataka. Giloy leaves look like simple heart shape, and alternate with petioles which are 15cm long and it is dark green. Male flowers are clustered and female flowers are solitary. The flowering season of this plant is in November. Giloy fruit has a drupe shape that turns red after ripening.

Part used: Leaves, Bark, Stem, and Roots

Taste: Bitter

Potency: Hot


CHEMICAL COMPOUNDS IN GILOY

On chemical compound analysis of the giloy, it includes

Alkaloids: berberine, choline, tembetarine, magnoflorine, tinosporin, palmatine, isocolumbin, aporphine alkaloids, jatrorrhizine, tetrahydropalmite. Diterpenoid lactones: Furanolactone, clerodane derivatives, tinosporon, tinosporides, jateorine, columbin. Glycosides: 18-norclerodaneglucoside, Fluranoid diterpene glucoside, tinocordiside, tinocordifolioside, cordioside, cordifolioside, cordioside, cordifolioside, synringin, syringing-apiosylgylcoside, pregnane glycoside, palmatosides, cardifolioside A, B, C, D and E. Steriods: beta-sitosterol, delta-sitosterol, 20 beta-hydroxyecdysone, ecdysterone, makisterone A, giloinsterol sesquiterpenoid: tinocordifolin, Aliphaticcompound: Octacosanal, hepatocosanol nonacosan-15-one dichloromethane.

Action:

Immunomodulator:

Giloy speeds up the phagocytic activity of macrophages and plays an important role in innate and adaptive immunity.

Antioxidant:

Anti-arthritic:

It decreases the pain by inhibiting the production of the pro-inflammatory cytokines and it also stimulates the osteoblasts growth by preventing the damage of bone and cartilage

Hepatoprotective

A liver injury that occurs due to an overdose of alcohol can be treated by using giloy. It lowers the cholesterol level in the liver and reduces the free radicals damage and oxidative stress makers by increasing the function of the liver.

Cardioprotective

Giloy alters the metabolism of lipids by inhibiting the glucuronide and cholesterol and it also protects against infarction by its antioxidant properties

Neuroprotective

It alters the brain tissue antioxidant enzyme and preserves the dopaminergic neurons, It also increases cognition by increasing the acetylcholine neurotransmitter synthesis

Anti-diabetic

It stimulates the production of insulin secretion from the pancreases which result in a decrease in the blood glucose level and it also improves insulin sensitivity.

Anti-inflammatory

Anti-aging


TRADITIONAL AND MODERN VIEW OF GILOY

Fever

Traditional view:

According to the Ayurveda reason for fever is ama and the second is a foreign particle. Giloy reduces fever by improving digestion and absorption by its Deepan and Pachan properties which prevent the formation of Ama. Due to its Javarghana (antipyretic) property giloy helps to increase the immunity to fight against the foreign organism

Take the required amount of giloy juice and add the same quantity of water and drink this juice on an empty stomach in the morning for better results

Modern view:

It has anti-inflammatory and anti-pyretic properties which improve the immune system by increasing the activity of the macrophages (a cell that is responsible for the fight against the foreign bodies)

Diabetes:

Traditional view; It regulates the blood sugar level by improving the absorption and digestion by its Deepan and Pachan properties which results in the prevention of ama.

Take the required amount of giloy churna with water after your lunch and dinner

Modern view: It is used in the treatment of diabetes by improving the blood sugar level and it also helps to treat diabetes-related complications such as wounds, ulcers, and kidney damage by its antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities.

Liver diseases:

Traditional view: Due to its Deepan (appetizer) and Pachan (digestive) property it improves the metabolism and function of the liver. It also inhibits the degeneration and generates new cells by its Rasayana (rejuvenating) activity

Take the required amount of giloy juice and add the same quantity of water into it and drink this juice on an empty stomach in the morning for better results

Modern view: A liver injury that occurs due to an overdose of alcohol can be treated by using giloy. It lowers the cholesterol level in the liver and reduces the free radicals damage and oxidative stress makers by increasing the function of the liver.

Cancer:

Traditional view: The use of giloy decrease the risk for developing cancer cell by balancing Vata-Pitta-Kapha and it also inhibits the growth of cells that cause cancer. By its Rasayana property, it prevents the damage of cells.

Modern view: Giloy contain rutin and quercetin which inhibit the proliferation of cell and growth of cells that induce breast cancer by its anti-proliferative property. It also alters the expression of apoptotic genes which results in cell death.


DOSAGE OF GILOY

The dose of the drug used according to physicians

Stem powder: 3-6gms

Giloy satva - 500mg-1gm


PRECAUTIONS WHILE USING GILOY

  • The use of giloy increase the immune system which further increases the symptoms of autoimmune diseases so the use of giloy is not recommended in patients who are having autoimmune diseases like rheumatoid arthritis, multiple sclerosis, and lupus erythematosus
  • The use of giloy should be avoided in patients who have undergone surgery because the use of giloy may interfere with blood glucose levels.


CONTRAINDICATIONS WHEN USING GILOY

It is contraindicated in patients who are allergic to the composition of this herb


BENEFITS OF GILOY

Giloy for chronic fever:

According to Ayurveda there is two main cause for fever one is Ama (improper digestion that occurs due to the accumulation of toxin in the body) and the second is foreign particles. Giloy has an anti-inflammatory and antipyretic activity which speeds up the immunity to fight against the foreign bodies and it also helps to reduce fever by Javarghana (antipyretic) property.

Dengue fever:

Due to its antipyretic property, it helps to improve platelet count in dengue fever. And it also helps to improve immunity. For better effect boil the giloy juice along with tulsi leaves.

Hay fever:

Hay fever is also called allergic rhinitis. It produces its action by reducing the symptoms like runny nose, sneezing, obstruction of nasal, watering of eyes.

Coronavirus infection:

Giloy speeds up the immunity. It helps to treat various viral fever-like corona infections. It produces its action by fighting against the microbes.

High cholesterol:

Giloy helps to reduce the high cholesterol by increasing its metabolism and it also eliminates the toxins from the body by its Deepan (appetizer) and Pachan (digestive) and Rasayana activity.

Gout:

It helps to treat gout arthritis by balancing the Vata and it also helps to purify the blood.

Diarrhea:

It helps to reduce digestion problems like indigestion, hyperacidity, and flatulence by its Pachan properties.

Take the required amount of giloy powder and mix it with lukewarm water and take the drink after lunch and dinner.


HOW CAN YOU ADD GILOY IN YOUR DAILY LIFE?

The Giloy comes in various formulations includes

Internal use:

Giloy juice:

Take the required amount of giloy juice and add the same quantity of water into it and drink the juice after your meal which helps to increase your immunity.

Giloy satva:
Take the required amount of giloy satva and mix it with honey and take after food which produces effective relief in liver disorders

Giloy churna:

Take the required amount of giloy churna and mix it with honey or with lukewarm water and drink this churna after your meals

Giloy kwath:

Take the required amount of giloy powder and add 2 cups of water into it and boil until the volume of the mixture reduces into ½ cup and drink this after your lunch and dinner for better results

Giloy Ghan Vati and capsule

Take the required amount of giloy ghan vati and capsule and consume it with water after your meals

Giloy paste with milk:

Take the required amount of giloy powder and mix it with milk and apply the paste to the skin. Use this procedure for 3weeks to treat hyperpigmentation and blemishes

Giloy juice with honey:

Take the required amount of giloy juice and mix it with honey and apply this mixture evenly on your skin 2-3 times a week which helps to treat dryness and wrinkles


FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS ON GILOY

Is Giloy powder available in the market?

Yes, it is available in the market and it can be brought from online websites or ayurvedic medical stores.

How to store Giloy?

It should be stored in an airtight container and keep the medicines away from the heat and light and Do not keep the medicines reaching out to children

Can I consume Giloy and Amla juice every morning and before bed?

You can consume Giloy and Amla juice in the morning but kindly avoid using this at night. For better results drink this juice on an empty stomach in the morning

Can we eat Giloy leaves?

Yes, you can eat leaves of giloy to maintain a healthy body