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HARAD


WHAT IS HARAD

It is an important medicinal plant that is used in the treatment of various ailments. It is popularly known as rejuvenating herb. The botanical name for harad is Terminalia chebula which belongs to the Combretaceae family. Harad contains vitamin C, iron, manganese, selenium, and copper.


What are the other names of HARAD in various languages

English-Indian walnut, Indian hog plum

Hindi-Harad

Telugu-Karakkaya

Tamil-Kadukkai

Gujarati-Harade, hardi

Arabian-Haleelaz

Farsi-Hallel

Assam-Shilikha

Kannada-Arale, Alale

Kondani-Ordo

Malayalam-Kadukka

Marathi-Hirda

Persian-Halela


ORIGIN AND SOURCE OF HARAD

It is widely distributed in India in the lower Himalayas, which is from Ravi to East-West Bengal and Assam at an altitude of 5000 feet. The height of the tree is 50-80 feet and the bark is dark brown. Leaves are ovate 3-8 inches long and 2-4 inches wide and the veins are 5-8. The appearances of flowers are small, yellowish-white which usually grow in the cluster. Fruits are 1-2 inch long each fruit contain one seed. The leaves of this plant come out in February and March and flowers appear from April to May and the fruits slowly begin to grow in the winter. You can collect the ripening fruit from January to April

Part used: Harad fruit (dry)

Taste: It contains five tastes except salt

Potency: Hot


CHEMICAL COMPOUNDS IN HARAD

On chemical compound analysis of the harad, it includes

Chebulagic acid, hebulic acid, tannic acid, gallic acid (1.2%), ethyl gallate, ellagic acid, chebulinic acid, chebulanin, corilagin, terflavin A, punicalagin, terchebulin, casuarinin, 2,4-chebulyl-β-D-glucose and glucose esterified with gallic acid, Hydroxy anthraquinones glycosides

ACTION:

Anti-bacterial

Anti-fungal

Immunomodulatory effect

Anti-oxidant

Hepatoprotective

Anti-diabetic

Anti-helminths

Anti-viral

Anti-anaphylactic

Anti-nociceptive

Anti-ulcerogenic

Anti-mutagenic

Anti-arthritic

Wound healing

Cardio-protective

Anti-spermatogenic

ANTI-DIABETIC ACTIVITY OF HARAD:

Harad contain ethanolic extract which is used in the treatment of diabetes by stimulating the beta cells to release insulin which results in maintaining blood pressure

ANTI-ARTHRITIS ACTIVITY OF HARAD:

Harad contain cherbulagic acid which inhibits the inflammatory protein like interleukins by its anti-inflammatory effect

ANTI-CANCER ACTIVITY OF HARAD:

Harad contain a phenolic compound which inhibits the growth and spread of cancer cells by inhibiting the proliferation of cell and death of the cell


TRADITIONAL AND MODERN VIEW OF HARAD

  • It is used in traditional Thai medicine as a carminative, astringent, and expectorant
  • It fights against the bleeding by its anti-hemorrhagic property
  • The powder of this Harad is used as cleansing the teeth and it also makes the gums and teeth stronger
  • It is also used in the treatment of asthma, piles, sore throat, vomiting, and gout.
  • The pulp of the fruit is given to treat piles, chronic diarrhea, flatulence, urinary disorder, intestinal worms, hiccup, and enlarged spleen and liver
  • In skin diseases, it prevents the accumulation of pus
  • It has healing property especially in burns


DOSAGE OF HARAD

The dose of the drug used according to physicians

Fruits (dry) – 3-6gm


PRECAUTIONS WHILE USING HARAD

  • Kindly avoid this herb if you are breastfeeding or pregnant
  • Harad helps to reduce the blood sugar level, monitor the blood glucose level if you are taking any other anti-diabetic drug along with harad
  • The use of harad may interfere with blood sugar levels during surgery so do not take harad at least 2 weeks before a surgery
  • Harad before using it on the skin do a patch test if you experienced any irritation kindly use this paste along with coconut oil.


CONTRAINDICATIONS WHEN USING HARAD

  • It is contraindicated in patients who are allergic to the composition of the harad
  • It is contraindicated in patients who are having hypoglycemia 


BENEFITS OF HARAD

Weak digestion:

Harad has Deepan (appetizer) and Pachan (digestive) which helps to improve digestion by increasing the nutrients absorbed from the food by forming a healthy environment for intestine

Constipation:

Due to its Rechana (laxative) property, it can be made into a paste and consume at night to regulate constipation

Weight loss:

It reduces the weight by improving the metabolism by decreasing the accumulation of toxins which occurs due to improper digestion by its Deepan and Pachan activity

Cough and cold:

Harad has Kapha balancing property which helps to prevent the cough and cold by balancing the imbalance of Kapha

Weak immunity:

It improves immunity by its rejuvenating property

Skin diseases:

Harad produces its action by removing the dead cells in the skin and it helps to treat skin diseases by purifying the blood by its Pitta balancing property.

Arthritis:

If you take the harad with ghee it helps to treat joint pain by increasing the life of tissues, muscles, and bones by its Vata balancing property.

Alzheimer’s disease:

Due to its Vata balancing and Rasayana properties, it strengthens the nervous system

Acne:

Due to its Ruksha (dry) and Kashaya (astringent) activity, it helps to treat acne

Hairfall:

Harad contains vitamin C, iron, manganese, selenium, and copper which helps to control the hair fall and also helps in hair growth by its rejuvenating property.


HOW CAN YOU ADD HARAD IN YOUR DAILY LIFE?

The Harad comes in various formulations includes

Internal use:

Harad powder:

Take the required amount of powder according to the pattern of Ritu Haritaki

In the spring season, take the harad powder with honey

In the summer season, take the harad powder with jaggery

In the monsoon season, take the harad powder with rock salt

In the autumn season, take the harad powder with sugar

In the early winter season, take the harad powder with ginger

In the winter season, take the harad powder with pepper

Harad tablet or capsule:

Take the required amount of capsule and tablet as per the dose prescribed by the doctor and take the tablet or capsule with water after your lunch or dinner

Harad Kwatha:

Take the required amount of harad kwatha and the same quantity of water and drink as per the doctor's advice after your food.

Take the required amount of harad and shallow dry the harad with ghee and allow it to cool and grind the content to make a powder and store it in a closed container, Used to treat appetite, to boost the immune system.

External use:

Harad fruit paste:

Make the harad fruit into a paste and mix with coconut oil and apply this mixture on the affected area or wound for faster healing.


FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS ON HARAD

Is Harad powder available in the market?

Yes, it is available in the market and it can be brought from online websites or ayurvedic medical stores.

How to store Harad?

It should be stored in an airtight container and keep the medicines away from the heat and light and Do not keep the medicines reaching out to children

What are the various forms of Harad that are available in the market?

Harad is available in the market in the forms of capsule, tablet, and powder

How to use Harad to boost the immune system?

Take the required amount of harad and shallow dry the harad with ghee and allow it to cool and grind the content to make a powder and store it in a closed container, Used to treat appetite, to boost the immune system.