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SHEETAL CHINI


WHAT IS SHEETAL CHINI

It is an important medicinal plant that is used in the treatment of various ailments. The botanical name for Sheetal chini is Piper cubeba which belongs to the Piperaceae family. This dried, fully grown unripe fruit is used for medicinal purposes. 


What are the other names of SHEETAL CHINI in various languages

Hindi – Kabancheeni, Sheetalcheeni

English – Tail pepper, Cubeb

Arabic – Kababesini

Bengali – Kababcheeni

Gujarathi – Tadamiri

Kannada – Bala menasu

Malayalam – Valmulaku

Marathi – Himsimiri

Persian – Kababcheeni

Tamil – Valmulaku

Telugu – Tokamiriyalu


ORIGIN AND SOURCE OF SHEETAL CHINI

Sheetal chini originated from Java, Sumatra, Southern Borneo, and the Indian Ocean. It is widely grown in Java and Sumatra as Java peepers. In African countries as Cubeb pepper. It is cultivated on West Indian island. In India, it is cultivated in Mysore.

It is a perennial climber which grows at a height of 6 meters. The leaves are round, petiolate which is 2.5-5 cm long. The flowers are arranged in a spiral form along with the spine. The fruit is attached to the peduncle which is joined with the plant even when it becomes dry. And the color of the dried fruit is brown to greyish to black.

Parts used: Fruit

Taste: Pungent, Bitter

Potency: Hot


CHEMICAL COMPOUNDS IN SHEETAL CHINI

On chemical compound analysis of Sheetal chini, it includes

Sesquiterpene, hydrocarbons, lignans, cubebine with cubebinin and kinokinin, and cubebic acid. Cyclohexanes, piperonal A and B with crotepoxide, zeylenol

Fruits: Resin, gum, fixed oil, starch, nitrogenous substances, and coloring matter

Plant: Piperine, Sesamin, Cubenin, Hinokinin, Clusin, Dihydrocubebin, Yatein, Cubebinionolide, Cubebinone, Isoyatein, Di-o-methyl thiyalplicatin methylether, Dibenzyl butyrolactone, and Heptahydro naphthalene

ACTIONS:

Anti-inflammatory]

Gastroprotective

Anti-ulcer

Respiratory benefits

Cardioprotective

Nephroprotective

Hepatoprotective

Analgesic

Anti-haemorrhoidal

Appetite stimulant

Antihelmintic

Antiseptic

Astringent

Carminative

Emmenagogue

Expectorant

Anti-asthmatic

Antiemetic


TRADITIONAL AND MODERN VIEW OF SHEETAL CHINI

It is used in Ayurvedic, Tibetian, and Chinese medicine

It is used to treat dental disease and oral infection

The paste obtained from the plant is used as a mouthwash to cleanse the mouth

The berries of this plant have anti-inflammatory properties which are used to treat inflammation.

The powder obtained from the fruit mixed with honey to treat cough and sinusitis

To treat indigestion and improve appetite the oil extracted from the plant is used

To treat erectile dysfunction fruit powder of Sheetal chini is used

The cold-infusion prepared from the fruit is used to treat dysmenorrhea and micturition


DOSAGE OF SHEETAL CHINI

The dose of the drug used according to the physician

Powder: 1-3g

Oil: 1 to 3 drops


PRECAUTIONS WHILE USING SHEETAL CHINI

Kindly avoid this herb if you have GI inflammation because the use of Sheetal chini may irritate the gastrointestinal tract

Less information is available regarding the use of this herb in diabetic and heart disease patients. Before initiating the herb kindly consult with the doctor

Kindly avoid using this herb if you have kidney diseases, because the use of Sheetal chini may cause side effects


CONTRAINDICATIONS WHEN USING SHEETAL CHINI

Do not use this herb if you are allergic to the chemical constituents of Sheetal chini

It is contraindicated to use this herb along with antacids, proton pump inhibitors, H2 receptor blockers because the use of Sheetal chini may affect the effectiveness of the drugs


BENEFITS OF SHEETAL CHINI

Frequent urination:

Due to its diuretic property, the use of Sheetal chini increase the production of urine by increasing the excretion of sodium ions in the urine

Dysentery:

According to Ayurveda, dysentery is called Pravahika which occurs due to the imbalance of Vata and Kapha doshas which leads to inflammation of the intestine and blood in the stool. The use of Sheetal chini control the mucus by its Deepan (appetizer) and Pachan (digestive) properties and it also kills the parasite that causes dysentery by its anti-worm properties

Flatulence:

According to Ayurveda, Flatulence occurs due to the imbalance of Vata and Pitta doshas which leads to weak digestive fire and impair digestion which results in the formation of flatulence. The use of Sheetal chini prevents the formation of gas by improving the digestive fire by its Deepan and Pachan properties.

Gonorrhea:

Due to its antimicrobial and antibacterial effect, Sheetal chini kills the microbes which are responsible for the infection by minimizing the bacterial action.

Asthma:

Traditional use: According to the Ayurveda, asthma occurs due to the imbalance of Vata and Kapha doshas in the lungs which results in obstruction in the passages in the respiratory. The use of Sheetal chini treats asthma by balancing the imbalance of Vata and Kapha doshas this helps to reduce the blockage in the respiratory passage by removing the excess mucus in the lungs

Modern view: Due to its antitussive and bronchodilator activity it helps to increase the airflow to the lungs by dilating the bronchi and bronchioles and it also increases the secretion o sputum by its expectorant activity.

Bad breath:

A paste produced from the Sheetal chini is used as a mouth wash to treat halitosis (bad breath)


HOW CAN YOU ADD SHEETAL CHINI IN YOUR DAILY LIFE?

The Sheetal chini comes in various formulations includes

Sheetal Chini powder:

Take the required amount of Sheetal chini paste and apply this paste to an affected area. Use this remedy to treat pain and inflammation

Sheetal Chini oil:

Take the required amount of Sheetal chini oil and apply this oil to the affected area to treat symptoms associated with arthritis


SIDE EFFECTS OF SHEETAL CHINI

Headache


FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS ON SHEETAL CHINI

Is Sheetal powder available in the market?

Yes, it is available in the market and it can be brought from online websites or ayurvedic medical stores.

How to store Sheetal powder?

It should be stored in an airtight container and keep the medicines away from the heat and light and Do not keep the medicines reaching out to children

What happens if I take Sheetal chini in excess?

Excessive intake of Sheetal chini powder may increase the risk of developing hyperacidity and regurgitation

Does Sheetal chini have any contraindications?

Yes, it is contraindicated in nephritis and GI inflammation patients